In 2011, the Government sought to address the inequality in attainment of disadvantaged pupils (compared to their non-disadvantaged counterparts) by allocating additional funds to schools.
‘Disadvantaged pupils’ refers to those pupils who attract government pupil premium funding i.e. those pupils claiming free school meals at any point in the last six years and those in care or who left care through adoption or another formal route e.g. Special Guardianship Order or Child Arrangement Order.
In June 2020, the Government announced a Catch-Up Fund of £1 billion divided into two parts:
A one-off universal £650 million catch-up premium for the 2020-21 academic year to ensure that schools have the support they need to help all pupils make up for lost teaching time.
A £350 million National Tutoring Programme to provide additional, targeted support for those pupils who need the most help.