Science- LI: To understand life cycles and the key differences and similarities.
What living things do you think were involved in the Black Death?
We're going to be learning about life-cycles of animals and bacteria and how that influenced the spread of the plague.
Work through the PowerPoint then have a go at creating the life-cycle of bateria, a rat or a flea.
History/RE- LI: To reflect on different historical beliefs and make comparisons to today’s society.
In the 14th Century Europe, an extreme religious practice was spreading throughout towns and villages. It was called Flagellantism.
Flagellantism was a sight to behold: radically devout Catholic men (and sometimes women) were publicly whipping themselves before crowds of onlookers. But, why were they doing this?
During this period, there had been many natural disasters and outbreaks of disease. This group of people believed it was because the people of the world had committed too many sins (bad things) and God was punishing them for it. By whipping themselves, they believed they were pleasing God and punishing their own sins so God would forgive their sins end the diseases and natural disasters.
How did Flagellation spread?
Flagellation began in Italy in 1259, the year after a severe famine. It then spread across Europe. It reached its peak when the Black Death ravaged Europe in 1347. Flagellant groups sprang up across northern and central Europe from 1349, attracting thousands of followers.
What did Flagellants do?
The flagellation ritual began witht he reading of a letter, claied to have been delivered by an angel. The Flaggellant would often be naked from the waist up, wearing a cloth cap marked with a red cross. Flagellants then walked in procession from place to place.
Flagellation in England
Although it was popular in the rest of Europe, flagellation did not catch on in England. The Pope has banned the ritual so many people were becoming frightened of getting involved. At this time, it was a serious offence for people to ignore the rullings of the Pope and the Church.
Have a go at answering these questions about the Flagellants:
Who were they?
What did they do and why?
What do you think people thought about them at the time (1300s)?
What do you think about their behaviour and beliefs?